Diagnostics, treatment


The diagnosis is established, through a number of studies – imaging studies, histological examinations and tumor markers.

Imaging research

When you need to do such research, it is important to know a few things. Even a scanner or MRI (nuclear magnetic resonance) of the most modern device, the doctor is important, who will read the picture to you. Therefore, do these tests in large imaging centers. Many people pass there, doctors have extensive experience in reading. Here, too, the rule of second opinion applies in full force. You take your pictures and go to a second doctor.

Histological examination / material is taken from the tumor and the cells are examined under a microscope /, wherever you do it, in any hospital in the country, CHECK once again the examination in one of the pathologies in Sofia.


After the diagnosis, commission must prescribe you treatment. The Oncology Commission meets in every oncology dispensary in the country.

What will be the treatment, It depends on many factors:

  • tumor type and size;
  • can the tumor be operated on;
  • are there metastases;
  • age, other diseases, etc..

There is an accepted standard for cancer treatment. If you have any doubts about the treatment offered by the commission at the nearest oncology dispensary, you can appear with all epicrisis and research and another commission, in another medical institution. Where you will be treated depends only on you. In addition, you can make an appointment for a consultation with one of the leading specialists / chemo or radiotherapist /. So you can in 30 minutes to familiarize yourself with this, what you have to do and ask the questions, who interest you. You can ask if there are experimental drugs and programs and what conditions you need to meet, to include you.

Hormonal treatment

This treatment aims to stop the effects of hormones on cancer cells. Hormone therapy to treat breast cancer has been used before, after or instead of surgery. The doctor will tell you for how many years he prescribes the therapy, as well as all the details, which interest you. The goal of hormonal treatment for prostate cancer is to limit and stop the stimulating effect on tumor cell growth of the male sex hormone testosterone.. Here, too, the attending physician determines the drug and the duration of administration.

Tracking, control examinations You have finished the prescribed treatments. To be sure, that you keep the disease under control you need to do a number of tests appointed by an oncologist. There is a table for each type of cancer, which describes the type and frequency of research. The treating oncologist will inform you about this.

Palliative care

When the disease has reached a stage, in which known and established methods of treatment cannot help cure, palliative care follows. Their goal is to improve the patient's quality of life. It is important to know, that the NHIF covers 20 days per year on a clinical path. Find out where there are palliative care wards, who have a contract with the NHIF.


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