WHAT IS COLON CANCER
Colon cancer is the most common tumor of the digestive system in our country. It develops from the cells of the colonic mucosa and progresses relatively slowly. It metastasizes most often first to the lymph nodes of the intestine near the tumor. As the disease progresses, liver metastases or those in the lungs also develop. Other organs are less commonly affected.
What are the symptoms of colon cancer?
The variety of symptoms can hardly be enumerated, which gives colon cancer. However, the main and alarming symptoms, which necessarily require examination of the colon, are:
- presence of blood or mucus on defecation,
- new constipation or unresponsive to medical treatment and recurrent diarrhea,
- frequent heaviness and bloating with or without flatulence,
- feeling of incomplete defecation or urination,
- unmotivated weight loss or anemia.
How is the diagnosis made??
The most accurate is the endoscopic examination with biopsy - it is an examination of the intestine with a flexible chamber and sampling of the mucosa, which are examined under a microscope. It is obligatory to examine the liver and lungs for metastases when proving a colon tumor..
How to treat colon cancer?
The treatment is operative. The part of the colon is removed, in which the tumor is located and the lymph nodes in this area must be removed. Depending on where it is located and how big the tumor is, the operation can be performed in the classic way - with incisions or endoscopically.. Based on the results of the histological examination of the removed tissues, it is assessed whether chemotherapy is necessary after the operation or not.. In some cases, chemo- and / or radiation therapy may precede surgical treatment. A team of experienced oncosurgeon and chemotherapist is the mandatory minimum of specialists, who must assess exactly how to treat each patient. In rectal cancer (rectum) a radiotherapist should also be included in the team.
Can Colon Cancer Be Cured?, if there are also liver metastases?Yes! Bowel tumors and metastases can also be removed. This can happen, as in an operation, and in two separate ones. Във всеки конкретен случай се преценява кое е най-подходящо за конкретния пациент. The decision should be made by an experienced liver surgeon.
For more productive conversations with your doctors – for patients with advanced (metastatic) colorectal cancer